rule



 

Canto 4

Nârada Muni


 

Chapter 11: Svâyambhuva Manu Advises Dhruva Mahârâja to Stop Fighting

(1) Maitreya said: 'After having heard the words of the sages Dhruva touched water and fixed on his bow an arrow made by Nârâyana. (2) Joining this weapon of Nârâyana to his bow, quickly the illusions created by the Yakshas were vanquished oh Vidura, just like pleasures and pains are dispelled by the rise of spiritual knowledge. (3) With the weapon that was given to him fixed on his bow, golden arrows with feathers like the wings of swans sprang forward which pierced the enemy soldiers with the tumultuous sound of peacocks entering a forest. (4) Because of those sharp pointed arrows the Yakshas here and there dispersed on the battlefield got terribly excited so that they full of anger with uplifted weapons rushed towards him, just like serpents with raised hoods do when they wage against Garuda. (5) With his arrows he cut through the arms, legs, necks and bellies of all the Yakshas who came forward in battle. He sent them all to the abode above the sun where all those who send their seed upwards [the celibates] are going. (6) When he saw those Yakshas being killed by the man with the wonderful chariot while they factually had not committed any offense, the grandfather, the Manu, in his mercy approached the son of Uttânapâda together with the great sages in order to instruct him. (7) Manu said: 'Enough my son, stop the killing of these good guys who never wronged you. With this escalation of anger you're treading the path of ignorance and sin. (8) My dear, this undertaking to kill the Yakshas who haven't sinned, is not befitting a member of our family and is forbidden by the sages. (9) Surely my best, you are aggrieved at the death of the brother you care about, but now the offense of one Yaksha has led to the killing of his many associates. (10) This killing of living beings is certainly never the way of those who honestly follow the path of the Lord of the Senses. Taking the body for the self one is like the animals. (11) You have with your meditation upon the Supersoul within all living beings reached the abode of Lord Hari who is so difficult to propitiate. You thus being of worship attained the supreme position of Vishnu. (12) How can someone like you who esteemed by the devotees of the Lord always are remembered by them, you who as an example to others are vowed to the saintly, engage in such an abomination?

pleasing the Lord
(13) When one is of tolerance, friendship, mercy and equanimity towards all living beings, the Soul of All, the Supreme Lord will be very pleased. (14) Pleasing the Supreme Lord a person being liberated from the modes of material nature and freed from the worries of his individual existence will achieve unlimited spiritual bliss [brahma nirvâna]. (15) Man and woman [by the impelling force of Time] evolved from the five elements of matter and by their sexual behavior even more men and women came about in this world. (16) Because of the interaction of the modes of nature oh King, thus the creation, maintenance and annihilation takes place with the illusory energy of the Supreme Self. (17) The way iron is moved [by a magnet] this world of cause and effect must be considered as being moved by the remote cause [of] the original and most exalted Person who is free from the modes of nature. (18) Under the influence of the no doubt hard to fathom potency of the Almighty One in the form of the force of Time, the interaction [or disturbance of the equilibrium] of the modes of nature resulted in this diversity of energies upon which the Supreme Personality exerts His influence even though He is not the one acting and in which He leads to death even though He is not the one who kills. (19) He to whom there is no end in the form of Time puts everything to an end, He who knows no beginning constitutes the beginning of everything, He who is inexhaustible gives life to one living being by means of another one and He as death puts an end to everything that kills. (20) As death entering each his life no one is His ally or His definitive enemy. All the combinations of the elements [organic and inorganic] helplessly follow His movement like dust particles moved by the wind. (21) Free from a short or long lifespan as is the case with beings that are born, the Almighty One is ever situated in His transcendental position and grants the covetous ones the results of their actions. (22) Some oh king, explain that karma [the work load of fruitive activities] as arising from one's particular nature or as brought about by others oh protector of men. Some say it's due to time, others refer to fate, while still others ascribe it to the desire of the living entity. (23) Who my dear boy, can ever understand the intentions of Him who is our origin, He of transcendence who from the unmanifested reality [pradhâna] gives rise to the different energies and natural forces?

(24) The same way my son, all these followers of Kuvera [the divine treasurer] are not the murderers of your brother. Only God is the cause of the birth and death of a living being my dear. (25) He creates the universe and also maintains and annihilates it. Moreover He does not get entangled by the activities of the modes of nature, for He [being free from false ego] does not identify Himself with a material body.  (26) This Supersoul, the controller and maintainer of all beings, brings forth, fosters and devours, making use of the force of His external energy. (27) For Him my dearest, He the Supreme One of death and immortality who in every respect is the ultimate goal of surrender for all the world, all the devotees and important personalities of creation bring their offerings, being controlled by Him the way bulls are controlled by a rope through their nose. (28) Five years of age only you left your mother, aggrieved at heart by the words of your stepmother and went to the forest to worship the Lord with austerities. Thus you attained the highest position in the three worlds. (29) Keeping Him in mind my best one, free from anger turn yourself to the one infallible spiritual self [the Brahman] situated in the beyond and try looking at the soul to discover the uncontaminated state from within all that is divided appears to be untrue. (30) When you then render transcendental service to the Soul Inside of the Supreme Lord who endowed with all potencies is the unlimited reservoir of all pleasure, you will very soon untie the knot of illusion of 'I' and 'mine' and thus be firmly fixed.

(31) Just control your anger - it is the enemy of all goodness - and all good fortune will be yours. By constantly keeping to this lesson my dear King, this [directive] will work like a medicinal treatment for a disease. (32) An intelligent person who for his soul desires freedom from fear, must never be led by anger, for everyone shuns the person ruled by it. (33) By angrily killing the Yakshas of whom you thought that they had killed your brother, you've slighted the brother of S'iva, Kuvera. (34) Forthwith go pacify him my son. Offer him respectfully, with gentle words your obeisances, before the wrath of the great ones will defeat our family.'

(35) Manu Svâyambhuva after thus giving instruction to his grandson received from him his obeisances and departed together with the sages for his abode.'

   

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Third revised edition, loaded January 3, 2011.

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

Maitreya said: 'After having heard the words of the sages Dhruva touched water and fixed on his bow an arrow made by Nârâyana. 
Maitreya said: 'After having heard the words of the sages, touched Dhruva water and fixed he on his bow an arrow made by Nârâyana. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

Joining this weapon of Nârâyana to his bow, quickly the illusions created by the Yakshas were vanquished oh Vidura, just like pleasures and pains are dispelled by the rise of spiritual knowledge.

As he joined this weapon of Nârâyana to his bow, quickly the illusions created by the Yakshas were vanquished, o Vidura, just like pleasures and pains are upon the rising of knowledge. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

With the weapon that was given to him fixed on his bow, golden arrows with feathers like the wings of swans sprang forward which pierced the enemy soldiers with the tumultuous sound of peacocks entering a forest.

With the weapon given fixed on his bow, there sprang out golden arrows with feathers like the wings of swans that, with the tumultuous sound of peacocks entering a forest, entered the enemy soldiers. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Because of those sharp pointed arrows the Yakshas here and there dispersed on the battlefield got terribly excited so that they full of anger with uplifted weapons rushed towards him, just like serpents with raised hoods do when they wage against Garuda.

From those sharp pointed arrows were the Yakshas, here and there on the battlefield, terribly agitated and rushed they towards him in anger, with upraised weapons, like serpents with upraised hoods against Garuda. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

With his arrows he cut through the arms, legs, necks and bellies of all the Yakshas who came forward in battle. He sent them all to the abode above the sun where all those who send their seed upwards [the celibates] are going. 

By his arrows he cut through the arms, legs, necks and bellies of all the Yakshas coming forward in battle and sent them to the abode above the sun to which at all times the ones who send their seed upwards [the celibates] go. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

When he saw those Yakshas being killed by the man with the wonderful chariot while they factually had not committed any offense, the grandfather, the Manu, in his mercy approached the son of Uttânapâda together with the great sages in order to instruct him.

Seeing those Yakshas by the one of the finest chariot being killed, while they factually were without offense, approached the grandfather, the Manu, together with the great sages, from his mercy the son of Uttânapâda to instruct him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Manu said: 'Enough my son, stop the killing of these good guys who never wronged you. With this escalation of anger you're treading the path of ignorance and sin. 

Manu said: 'Enough My son, with an escalation of anger you're on the path of ignorance and sin, the way you 're killing these Yakshas who did nothing wrong to you. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

My dear, this undertaking to kill the Yakshas who haven't sinned, is not befitting a member of our family and is forbidden by the sages.
O dear, this undertaking to kill the Yakshas who didn't sin, is not befitting our family and is in truth forbidden. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Surely my best, you are aggrieved at the death of the brother you care about, but now the offense of one Yaksha has led to the killing of his many associates.
Surely my best, you are aggrieved by the death of the brother you care about, but now the offense of one Yaksha has lead to the killing of the many of his associates. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

This killing of living beings is certainly never the way of those who honestly follow the path of the Lord of the Senses. Taking the body for the self one is like the animals. 

Never for sure is this killing of living beings, the way of those who are honest in following on the path of the Lord of the Senses; holding the body for the self one is like the animâls. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

You have with your meditation upon the Supersoul within all living beings reached the abode of Lord Hari who is so difficult to propitiate. You thus being of worship attained the supreme position of Vishnu. 

With meditation on the Supersoul within all living beings, you have reached the abode of Lord Hari, who is so difficult to propitiate and attained the supreme position of Vishnu. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

How can someone like you who esteemed by the devotees of the Lord always are remembered by them, you who as an example to others are vowed to the saintly, engage in such an abomination?

Being such a person, by Him always in remembrance of what is His and also esteemed by the devoted ones, how then vowed to the saintly an example, can you have undertaken such an abominable thing? (Vedabase)


Text 13

When one is of tolerance, friendship, mercy and equanimity towards all living beings, the Soul of All, the Supreme Lord will be very pleased.

Being of universal tolerance, friendship and mercy towards all living beings, one is also balanced and with that is the Soul of All, the Supreme Lord very pleased. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

Pleasing the Supreme Lord a person being liberated from the modes of material nature and freed from the worries of his individual existence will achieve unlimited spiritual bliss [brahma nirvâna].

Pleasing the Supreme Lord is a person liberated from the modes of material nature and freed from the worries of his individual existence; he achieves the spiritual bliss of the Unlimited [brahmâ nirvanam]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Man and woman [by the impelling force of Time] evolved from the five elements of matter and by their sexual behavior even more men and women came about in this world.

From the five elements of matter man and woman evolved and of them by sexuality there came about even more men and women in this world. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

Because of the interaction of the modes of nature oh King, thus the creation, maintenance and annihilation takes place with the illusory energy of the Supreme Self.

Thus, o King, does certainly, by the illusory energy of the Supreme Self, the creation, maintenance and annihilation and the interaction of the modes take place. (Vedabase)

Text 17

The way iron is moved [by a magnet] this world of cause and effect must be considered as being moved by the remote cause [of] the original and most exalted Person who is free from the modes of nature.

Like iron moved by a magnet then must this manifested world be considered as moved by the remote cause of the unmanifest, uncontaminated, Original Person of Wisdom. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Under the influence of the no doubt hard to fathom potency of the Almighty One in the form of the force of Time, the interaction [or disturbance of the equilibrium] of the modes of nature resulted in this diversity of energies upon which the Supreme Personality exerts His influence even though He is not the one acting and in which He leads to death even though He is not the one who kills.

Divided by the force of Time, the Supreme lord, who, although His potency acts upon the three modes, is the non-doer and who is never the killer although He kills, is no doubt however this all the inconceivable energy of the Almighty. (Vedabase)

Text 19

He to whom there is no end in the form of Time puts everything to an end, He who knows no beginning constitutes the beginning of everything, He who is inexhaustible gives life to one living being by means of another one and He as death puts an end to everything that kills.

He the infinite Time puts everything to an end; without a beginning He is the beginning of everything; without decreasing He causes the living to be born and the finite to be killed by death. (Vedabase)


Text 20

As death entering each his life no one is His ally or His definitive enemy. All the combinations of the elements [organic and inorganic] helplessly follow His movement like dust particles moved by the wind.

No one is really His ally or His definite enemy; of the Supreme in the form of Time, entering equally the living beings, are of His moving the ones of karma and other material elements following behind, like particles of dust moved by the wind. (Vedabase)


Text 21

Free from a short or long lifespan as is the case with beings that are born, the Almighty One is ever situated in His transcendental position and grants the covetous ones the results of their actions.

Free from both the diminution and likewise increase of the duration of life of the beings of birth, is the Almighty always situated in His own transcendence and awards He the living beings subject to the laws of karma. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

Some oh King, explain that karma [the work load of fruitive activities] as arising from one's particular nature or as brought about by others oh protector of men. Some say it's due to time, others refer to fate, while still others ascribe it to the desire of the living entity.

Some explain that karma [or being divided in fruitive action] as arising from one's particular nature or as brought about by others, o protector of men; some say it's due to Time, others refer to fate, while still others ascribe it to the desire of the living entity. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

Who my dear boy, can ever understand the intentions of Him who is our origin, He of transcendence who from the unmanifested reality [pradhâna] gives rise to the different energies and natural forces?

Dearest one, for sure therefore no one can ever know the grand design of the original cause, the Unmanifested of the Transcendence of Him who gives rise to the various energies. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

The same way my son, all these followers of Kuvera [the divine treasurer] are not the murderers of your brother. Only God is the cause of the birth and death of a living being my dear.

Never, my son, are also all these who are followers of Kuvera [the divine treasurer] the killers of your brother; the cause of birth and death of a living entity, my dear, unfailing lies with God. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

He creates the universe and also maintains and annihilates it. Moreover He does not get entangled by the activities of the modes of nature, for He [being free from false ego] does not identify Himself with a material body.

He certainly creates the universe and for sure maintains and annihilates it also; moreover no doubt He from being without ego, does not get entangled by the activities of the modes of nature. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

This Supersoul, the controller and maintainer of all beings, brings forth, fosters and devours, making use of the force of His external energy.

This Supersoul, controller and maintainer of all beings, making use of the force of His own external energy, brings forth, devours and fosters. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

For Him my dearest, He the Supreme One of death and immortality who in every respect is the ultimate goal of surrender for all the world, all the devotees and important personalities of creation bring their offerings, being controlled by Him the way bulls are controlled by a rope through their nose.

Unto Him, so sure the Supreme of death and immortality, my dearest, that is in all respects the ultimate goal of surrender of the world, do all the devoted ones bear offerings, without fail being controlled therein like bulls by a rope through their nose. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

Five years of age only you left your mother, aggrieved at heart by the words of your stepmother and went to the forest to worship the Lord with austerities. Thus you attained the highest position in the three worlds.

As one of five years of age only you left your mother aggrieved at heart by the words of your stepmother and went to the forest to worship the Lord by austerities and thus you achieved a top-position over the three worlds. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Keeping Him in mind my best one, free from anger turn yourself to the one infallible spiritual self [the Brahman] situated in the beyond and try looking at the soul to discover the uncontaminated state from within all that is divided appears to be untrue.

With that of Him in mind, my best, turn yourselves free from anger to the one infallible spiritual self [the Brahmân] situated in the transcendental and try to discover the uncontaminated from which all of this dividedness appears to be untrue. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

When you then render transcendental service to the Soul Inside of the Supreme Lord who endowed with all potencies is the unlimited reservoir of all pleasure, you will very soon untie the knot of illusion of 'I' and 'mine' and thus be firmly fixed.

By at that time rendering service to the Supersoul of the Supreme Lord, who is the unlimited reservoir of all pleasure having all the potencies, you will very soon untie the knot of illusion of 'I' and 'Mine' and thus be firmly fixed. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

 Just control your anger - it is the enemy of all goodness - and all good fortune will be yours. By constantly keeping to this lesson my dear King, this [directive] will work like a medicinal treatment for a disease.

Just control your anger - it is the enemy of all goodness - and all good fortune will be yours; the constant hearing of this, my dear King, will act as a medicinal treatment on a disease. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

An intelligent person who for his soul desires freedom from fear, must never be led by anger, for everyone shuns the person ruled by it.

Never should a learned person who desires the soul its freedom from fear, be under the control of anger; from the person that is overwhelmed by it everyone becomes terrified. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

By angrily killing the Yakshas of whom you thought that they had killed your brother, you've slighted the brother of S'iva, Kuvera.

You have been in offense towards the brother of S'iva, Kuvera, angrily killing the Yakshas whom you thought to have killed your brother. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

Forthwith go pacify him my son. Offer him respectfully, with gentle words your obeisances, before the wrath of the great ones will defeat our family.'

Forthwith pacify him, my son, offering him your obeisances respectfully with gentle words, before the wrath of the great ones will affect our family.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

Manu Svâyambhuva after thus giving instruction to his grandson received from him his obeisances and departed together with the sages for his abode.'

Manu Svâyambhuva after thus giving instruction to his grandson received from him his obeisances and went together with the sages to his abode. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The picture is titled: 'Krishna Dancing with Gopis in Vrindavan',
Folio from a Balagopalastuti (Praise for the Young Lord of the Cowherds), '
India, Gujarat, South Asia circa 1450-1475. Courtesy of LACMA.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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