rule



 
 
Canto 5
Govinda Jaya Jaya
 


Chapter 4: The Characteristics of Rishabhadeva

(1) A Vishnu to worshipS'rî S'uka said: 'Because He [the son of king Nâbhi, see previous chapter and 2.7: 10] from the beginning of His appearance distinguished Himself every day more and more with the authority of all the characteristics of the Supreme Lord, like being equal minded to all, being of perfect peace and renunciation and having all influence and powers,  the ministers, citizens, the brahmins and the gods longed greatly for the day that He would rule the earth. (2) Considering the in grand verses [by the poets] glorified exalted state of His prowess, strength, beauty, fame, influence and heroism, His father gave Him the name Rishabha, the Best One.  (3) King Indra jealous of His greatness, allowed no rain in Bhârata-varsha, but the Supreme Lord Rishabhadeva who knew [why that happened], as the master of yoga smiled about it and then from His internal [yogamâyâ] potency made the waters rain down on the place where He resided called Ajanâbha. (4) King Nâbhi who as he wanted had gotten the most beautiful son he could wish for, was in a state of illusion unto Him, the Supreme Lordship and oldest, Original Person who in his eyes behaved like a normal human being. Accepting Him as such  he overwhelmed by an excess of great jubilation in ecstasy with a faltering voice said things like: 'my dear son, my darling' and thus achieved transcendental bliss while he raised Him. (5) Knowing how popular Rishabha was in His service to the citizens and the state King Nâbhi, who wanted to protect the people strictly to the principle, put his son on the throne. Entrusting Him to the brahmins he then together with Merudevî in Badarikâs'rama, completely absorbed in yoga with great satisfaction skillfully performed austerities in worship of Nara-Nârâyana, [a plenary expansion of] the Supreme Lord Vâsudeva and thus he in the course of time reached His glorious abode [Vaikunthha].

(6) Oh son of Pându [Parîkchit, see family tree], two verses are recited about him: 'Which person following the example of the pious king Nâbhi can do what he did and by the purity of his actions receive the Supreme Personality of God as his son?' and: (7) 'Is there besides Nâbhi a better devotee of the brahmins? They being satisfied and honored by him were able to show him in the sacrificial arena the Supreme Enjoyer of all sacrifices.'

 
(8) The Supreme Lord Rishabha after accepting His kingdom as His field of work, set an example by living with His spiritual teachers and giving them gifts upon finishing His studies. Being ordered to take up the duties of a householder He married with Jayantî who had been offered to Him by Indra and taught by example how to perform both types of activities as mentioned in the scriptures [of defending the religion and fighting injustice]. He begot a hundred sons [in her and in co-wives or via his sons with daughters-in-law] that were exactly like Him. (9) The eldest son Bharata was a great yoga practitioner. He had the best qualities and it was because of him that this land by the people is called Bhârata-varsha. (10) Of the ninety-nine other sons who were born after Bharata, the eldest ones were called Kus'âvarta, Ilâvarta, Brahmâvarta, Malaya, Ketu, Bhadrasena, Indrasprik, Vidarbha and Kîkatha. (11-12) Of the rest of them Kavi, Havi, Antariksha, Prabuddha, Pippalâyana, Avirhotra, Drumila, Camasa and Karabhâjana were nine highly advanced devotees in defense of the truth of this Bhâgavatam. About their fine characters evincing the glories of the Lord, I will give you later on [in Canto 11] a colorful account when I discuss the conversation between Vâsudeva and Nârada that brings the mind the highest satisfaction. (13) The eighty-one youngest sons of Jayantî were, faithful to their fathers words, well cultured with a fine command of the scriptural truths and were very skilled in performing sacrifices. Very pure in their actions, they became great brahmins.

(14) The Supreme Lord named Rishabha was indeed a completely independent Lordship full of transcendental bliss, a person always transcendental to the miseries of material life [birth,  old age disease and death]. By executing strictly to the tradition, He equipoised and unperturbed, friendly and merciful educated [by His example] the ignorant of whose neglect in performing the dharma in the course of time only contrary karmic actions are found, and regulated for the common people the righteousness and economy so that a good reputation, offspring, happiness in household life and eternal life was within their reach [compare B.G. 4: 13]. (15) Everything that is done by leading personalities is followed by the common people [see also B.G 3: 21]. (16) Despite knowing everything about the duties relating to the confidential Vedic instructions, He still [as a kshatriya] followed the path of the brahmins and ruled the people with equal rights and such. (17) He, worshiping [Vishnu] performed, with [also] respecting the different gods and purposes and in line with the instructions providing for everything that was needed, according to time and circumstance all kinds of ceremonial sacrifices a hundred times over with priests of the proper age and faith. (18) Being protected by the Supreme Lord Rishabha no one on this planet, not even the most common man, fostered a desire for but even the smallest thing whatever, whenever, for himself or from anyone else, just as one would not desire a castle in the air. All one cared about was an innerly ever increasing, great love for the one carrying the burden. (19) When He, the Supreme Lord, once toured around and reached the holy land of Brahmâvarta [between the rivers the Sarasvatî and Drishadvatî to the north west of Hastinâpura] he before an audience of citizens in a meeting of prominent brahmins, said the following to his attentive and well-behaved sons. He lectured them despite the fact that they excelled in self-control and devotion.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded June 8, 2011.
 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'Because He [the son of king Nâbhi, see previous chapter and 2.7: 10] from the beginning of His appearance distinguished Himself every day more and more with the authority of all the characteristics of the Supreme Lord, like being equal minded to all, being of perfect peace and renunciation and having all influence and powers,  the ministers, citizens, the brahmins and the gods longed greatly for the day that He would rule the earth.
S'rî S'uka said: 'From the beginning of His appearance did He [as the son of king Nâbhi, see previous chapter and 2-7: 10] distinguish Himself in having all the characteristics of the Supreme Lord as being equalminded to all, being of perfect peace and renunciation and having all power and the great attributes, day after day therewith increasing in His effect in a great desire to rule over ministers, citizens, the brahmins, the godly and the whole surface of the earth. (Vedabase)


Text 2

Considering the in grand verses [by the poets] glorified exalted state of His prowess, strength, beauty, fame, influence and heroism, His father gave Him the name Rishabha, the Best One.

Thus for certain most exalted in as well his bodily features as in having all the qualities as described by the poets, did the father thus give Him because of His prowess, strength, beauty, fame, influence and heroism, the name Rishabha, the best one. (Vedabase)


 Text 3

King Indra jealous of His greatness, allowed no rain in Bhârata-varsha, but the Supreme Lord Rishabhadeva who knew [why that happened], as the master of yoga smiled about it and then from His internal [yogamâyâ] potency made the waters rain down on the place where He resided called Ajanâbha.

King Indra who turned out to be very envious with His greatness did not permit any rain to fall down on the land below the Himalâya's; the Supreme Lord Rishabhadeva who knew that, as the master of yoga smiled over it and made by the power of His spiritual self the waters fall down on His place that was called Ajanâbha. (Vedabase)


Text 4

King Nâbhi who as he wanted had gotten the most beautiful son he could wish for, was in a state of illusion unto Him, the Supreme Lordship and oldest, Original Person who in his eyes behaved like a normal human being. Accepting Him as such  he overwhelmed by an excess of great jubilation in ecstasy with a faltering voice said things like: 'my dear son, my darling' and thus achieved transcendental bliss while he raised Him.

King Nâbhi who to his desire no doubt had gotten the most beautiful son had, overwhelmed by an excess of great jubilation, from his ecstasy a faltering voice; by His independent will had He, the Supreme Lordship and oldest, Original Person through His deluding power bewildered his mind making him thus with great affection say 'my dear son, my darling', as he achieved transcendental bliss in raising Him. (Vedabase)


Text 5

Knowing how popular Rishabha was in His service to the citizens and the state King Nâbhi, who wanted to protect the people strictly to the principle, put his son on the throne. Entrusting Him to the brahmins he then together with Merudevî in Badarikâs'rama, completely absorbed in yoga with great satisfaction skillfully performed austerities in worship of Nara-Nârâyana, [a plenary expansion of] the Supreme Lord Vâsudeva and thus he in the course of time reached His glorious abode [Vaikunthha].

Knowing well of the popularity of His serving the citizens and the state, enthroned king Nâbhi, in his desire to protect the people strictly to the principle, his son, entrusting him to the brahmins. With Merudevî did he in Badarikâs'rama with great satisfaction and skill perform austerities, fully absorbed in yoga worshiping Nara-Nârâyana, the Supreme Lord Vâsudeva by which he in the course of time reached His glorious abode. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Oh son of Pându [Parîkchit, see family tree], two verses are recited about him: 'Which person following the example of the pious king Nâbhi can do what he did and by the purity of his actions receive the Supreme Personality of God as his son?' and:

O son of Pându [Parîkchit, see family tree], of him in fact are two verses recited: 'What man following the example of the pious king Nâbhi can do what he did and by the pure of his actions receive the Supreme Personality of God for his son?' and (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

'Is there besides Nâbhi a better devotee of the brahmins? They being satisfied and honored by him were able to show him in the sacrificial arena the Supreme Enjoyer of all sacrifices.'

'Is there besides Nâbhi any other devotee of the brahmins who in worship satisfying them in the sacrificial arena, by dint of their devotional service was granted the presence of the Supreme Enjoyer of all sacrifices?' (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

The Supreme Lord Rishabha after accepting His kingdom as His field of work, set an example by living with His spiritual teachers and giving them gifts upon finishing His studies. Being ordered to take up the duties of a householder He married with Jayantî who had been offered to Him by Indra and taught by example how to perform both types of activities as mentioned in the scriptures [of defending the religion and fighting injustice]. He begot a hundred sons [in her and in co-wives or via his sons with daughters-in-law] that were exactly like Him.

The Supreme Lord Rishabha then, accepting His kingdom as His field of work, set an example in living with the spiritual master, giving gifts upon achieving and, as was demanded by the guru, took upon Him the duties of a householder. Thus, being married to Jayantî who had been offered to Him by Indra, He taught by example performing the both types of work as mentioned in the scriptures [of defending the religion and fighting injustice], begetting a hundred sons [with her and with co-wives or via his sons with daughters in law] that were exactly like Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

The eldest son Bharata was a great yoga practitioner. He had the best qualities and it was because of him that this land by the people is called Bhârata-varsha.

Of them was indeed the eldest, Bharata, a great practitioner of yoga; he had the best qualities and it was he of whom this land was called Bhârata-varsha by the people. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

Of the ninety-nine other sons who were born after Bharata, the eldest ones were called Kus'âvarta, Ilâvarta, Brahmâvarta, Malaya, Ketu, Bhadrasena, Indrasprik, Vidarbha and Kîkatha.

After him followed Kus'âvarta, Ilâvarta, Brahmâvarta, Malaya, Ketu, Bhadrasena, Indrasprik, Vidarbha en Kîkata who were the elder ones of the ninety-nine other sons. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11-12

Of the rest of them Kavi, Havi, Antariksha, Prabuddha, Pippalâyana, Avirhotra, Drumila, Camasa and Karabhâjana were nine highly advanced devotees in defense of the truth of this Bhâgavatam. About their fine characters evincing the glories of the Lord, I will give you later on [in Canto 11] a colorful account when I discuss the conversation between Vâsudeva and Nârada that brings the mind the highest satisfaction.

Of the latter were Kavi, Havi, Antariksha, Prabuddha, Pippalâyana, Avirhotra, Drumila, Camasa and Karabhâjana nine highly advanced devotees who defended the truth of this Bhâgavatam; of their good characters evincing the glories of the Lord, I will later on [in Canto 11] give a colorful account in relating the conversation between Vâsudeva and Nârada which brings the mind the fullest satisfaction. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

The eighty-one youngest sons of Jayantî were, faithful to their fathers words, well cultured with a fine command of the scriptural truths and were very skilled in performing sacrifices. Very pure in their actions, they became great brahmins.

The eighty-one younger sons of Jayantî [...] were, following the order of their father, well cultured with a great command of the scriptural truths and had a great expertise in the performance of sacrifices; very pure in their actions, they became great brahmins. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

The Supreme Lord named Rishabha was indeed a completely independent Lordship full of transcendental bliss, a person always transcendental to the miseries of material life [birth,  old age disease and death]. By executing strictly to the tradition, He equipoised and unperturbed, friendly and merciful educated [by His example] the ignorant of whose neglect in performing the dharma in the course of time only contrary karmic actions are found, and regulated for the common people the righteousness and economy so that a good reputation, offspring, happiness in household life and eternal life was within their reach [compare B.G. 4: 13].

The Supreme Lord named Rishabha was indeed a completely independent Controller full of transcendental bliss who personally was always free from the unwanted; by executing strict to the tradition, did He, teaching the ignorant of whom in the course of time just the opposite in neglect of the religion is found, equipoised and unperturbed, friendly and merciful, for the people in general regulate the eternal of righteousness and economy so that they could achieve reputation, offspring and pleasure in household life [compare B.G. 4-13]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Everything that is done by leading personalities is followed by the common people [see also B.G 3: 21].

Whatever is done by leading personalities is followed by the people in general [see also B.G 3:21]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

Despite knowing everything about the duties relating to the confidential Vedic instructions, He still [as a kshatriya] followed the path of the brahmins and ruled the people with equal rights and such.

Although He knew of the confidential purport of the different vedic duties on the path of the brahmins, ruled He [as a kshatriya] over the people by means of controlled senses, a controlled mind and by tolerance. (Vedabase)
 
Text 17

He, worshiping [Vishnu] performed, with [also] respecting the different gods and purposes and in line with the instructions providing for everything that was needed, according to time and circumstance all kinds of ceremonial sacrifices a hundred times over with priests of the proper age and faith.

Along with the necessities according the place and the time ascertained He, aided by the good [tender] age and faith of the priests worshipping the different gods for different purposes, as is prescribed, Himself a hundred times of sacrifices in all kinds of ceremonies. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Being protected by the Supreme Lord Rishabha no one on this planet, not even the most common man, fostered a desire for but even the smallest thing whatever, whenever, for himself or from anyone else, just as one would not desire a castle in the air. All one cared about was an innerly ever increasing, great love for the one carrying the burden.

Being protected by the Supreme Lordship of Rishabha does no one on this planet, not even the most common man, need to build himself a castle in the sky, nor does he whatever way ever need to be after any illusion with anyone else; one cares to see within oneself an ever expanding affection towards the one carrying the weight. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

When He, the Supreme Lord, once toured around and reached the holy land of Brahmâvarta [between the rivers the Sarasvatî and Drishadvatî to the north west of Hastinâpura] he before an audience of citizens in a meeting of prominent brahmins, said the following to his attentive and well-behaved sons. He lectured them despite the fact that they excelled in self-control and devotion.'

When He, the Supreme Lord, once toured around and reached the holy land of Brahmâvarta [between the rivers the Sarasvatî and Drishadvatî to the N. W. of Hastinâpura] did he, overheard by the citizens in a meeting of the best of the brahmins, say the following to his attentive and well-behaved sons, lecturing to them although they excelled in self-control and devotion. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

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The painting is titled: 'The annointment of King Rishabha'
Leaf from a Jain Kalpasutra. Circa 1500.
Source: Private collection.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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