rule



 

 

Canto 10

Boro Kripa

 


 

Chapter 69: Nârada Muni's Vision of Krishna in His Household Affairs

(1-6) S'rî S'uka said: 'Hearing that Lord Krishna had killed Naraka [see 10.59] and that He alone had married so many women, Nârada wanted to see that with his own eyes [and thought]: 'How wonderful it is that He with a single body is married to that many women, at the same time in sixteen thousand separate residences being alone with each of them.' Thus eager to take a look the sage of the gods came to Dvârakâ, the place so flowery with its parks and pleasure gardens resounding with the noise of flocks of birds and swarms of bees. Blooming blue lotuses [indîvaras], day-blooming ones [ambhojas], white esculent ones [kahlâras], moonlight-blooming lotuses [kumudas] and water lilies [utpalas] filled the lakes where the sounds were heard of swans and cranes. There were nine hundred thousand palatial mansions embellished with crystal glass, silver and great emeralds, that were splendidly furnished with gold and jewels. The city was systematically planned with many avenues, roads, intersections and squares, assembly houses and charming temples for the gods. Its paths and courtyards, shopping streets and patios were all sprinkled with water while the sun was warded off by banners that waved from the flagpoles. (7-8) In the city there was an opulent quarter honored by all the local authorities. Tvashthâ [the architect Vis'vakarmâ], had there for the Lord [who resided there], in full exhibited his talents by making the sixteen thousand residences for S'auri's wives as beautiful as he could. Nârada entered one of the great palaces. (9-12) The building was supported by coral pillars that were excellently decorated with vaidûrya ['cat-eye' gemstone]. The walls were covered with sapphires and the spotless floors shone everywhere. It was built with canopies that by Tvashthâ were constructed with hangings of pearls and had seats and beds made of ivory that were decorated with the finest jewels. There were well-dressed, adorned maidservants with lockets around their necks and finely clad men with turbans and armor, jewels and earrings. Many gem-studded lamps dispelled with their light the darkness and on the carved eaves my best, the peacocks danced, crying loudly taking the aguru smoke they saw curling upwards from the latticed windows for a cloud. (13) Inside, the man of learning saw the Lord of the Sâtvatas together with His wife who fanned Him with a yak-tail fan with a golden handle. She in her turn was every instant supported by a thousand maidservants equal to her in personal qualities, beauty, youth and fine dress. (14) The Supreme Lord, the best defender of all dharma, noticing him, immediately rose from S'rî's couch and offered him His own seat while bowing down with joined palms. (15) Even though He was the Supreme Guru of the Living Being, He washed his feet and took that water on His head. He as the master of all saintly souls justly carries the transcendental name of 'the Well-wisher of the Brahmins' [Brâhmanya deva] because one by dint of the holy shrine of His feet finds full purification [see also the stories of the Ganges flowing from His feet. 5.17 & 9.9]. (16) Having been of full worship for the devarishi as was prescribed by the scriptures, He, the Greatest Sage, the Original Nârâyana, the friend of Nara, conversed with him in weighed words that were as sweet as nectar and asked: 'Oh Master, oh Fortunate One, what may We do for you?'



(17) S'rî Nârada said: 'It is not that surprising that You show friendship for all people, oh Almighty Ruler of All the Worlds who subdues the envious ones. We very well know that You who are universally praised, out of Your own will have descended for the highest good of the continuation and the protection of the Living Being [*]. (18) Having seen Your two feet, that for Your devotees are the path of liberation upon which Lord Brahmâ and the other gods of unfathomable intelligence meditate in the heart and which for those, who are fallen in the well of a material existence, are the shelter for deliverance, I ask for Your blessing to remember You so that I during my travels may constantly think of You.'

(19) Nârada my best, thereupon entered another residence of a wife of Krishna, with the wish to know the mystical power of illusion [yogamâyâ] of the Master of All Masters of Yoga. (20-22) And there he saw Him also. He was playing a game of dice with His beloved and Uddhava. He stood up for him, honored him with transcendental devotion and seated him etc., asking him - as if He did not know: 'When has your good self arrived? How can those [householders] who are not so fulfilled like Us, do what should be done for those [sannyâsîs] who are fully satisfied [within]? Anyway, please tell Us oh brahmin, how We can make a success of this birth.' But Nârada who was astonished, stood up, said nothing and went to another palace. (23) And there he saw Govinda cuddling His small children. Next in another palace, he saw Him preparing for a bath. (24) In one place he saw Him offering oblations, elsewhere he saw Him worshiping the five sacrificial fires [see mahâ-yajñas] with the obligatory rituals, then again He was feeding brahmins and in yet another place He was eating the remnants [of sacrifices]. (25) Somewhere He was of sunset-worship while controlling His speech with reciting the mantra [for it, see Gâyatrî and japa] and elsewhere He moved about with His sword and shield in areas of practice. (26) Here the Elder Brother of Gada rode horses, elephants and chariots and there He was lying on His sofa being praised by bards. (27) This place He was consulting with advisers, Uddhava and others and that place He was engaged sporting in the water surrounded by dancing girls and other women. (28) Somewhere He donated excellent, well ornamented cows to brahmins and elsewhere He listened to the auspicious classical stories [Purânas] and epic histories [Itihâsas]. (29) Laughing and joking with His beloved in this mansion, He elsewhere practiced the religion [dharma], the economy [artha] and the [regulation of] physical lusts [kâma, see also purushârthas]. (30) Sitting alone in one place to meditate on the Original Person Transcendental to Material Nature, He in another place rendered menial service to the elders, serving them attentively with things they liked. (31) Planning for war with certain people here, and there again making peace, Kes'ava together with Balarâma elsewhere minded the welfare of the pious souls. (32) [He saw Him] arranging opulent weddings for daughters and sons in accordance with the vidhi, at the right time, with wives and husbands compatible to them. (33) [He saw] the people astonished to witness the grand celebrations in which the Master of the Masters of Yoga sent away from home His children and welcomed in-laws in the family. (34) With elaborate sacrifices in worship of all the gods being busy at one place, He was at another place of dharma in civil service arranging for wells, parks and monasteries and such. (35) For a hunting expedition He somewhere was mounting a horse from Sindhî while He elsewhere, surrounded by the most valorous Yadus, was killing the animals to be offered in sacrifice [see **]. (36) At another place the Yoga master was moving about in disguise in the city and in other homes, eager to find out what the mentalities of the different people were. (37) Nârada almost laughed about that what of His yogamâyâ, of assuming the human role, had unfolded before his eyes and said to Hrishîkes'a: (38) 'From the service delivered at Your feet the knowledge could rise of Your mystical potencies, potencies that even for the great mystics are hard to envision oh Lord of Yoga, oh Supreme Soul. (39) Permit me to follow You in humility oh Godhead, I will wander about the [fourteen] worlds that are flooded with Your glory and loudly sing about Your pastimes that purify all the worlds.'

(40) The Supreme Lord said: 'Oh brahmin, I am the spokesman of the dharma and its performer.  I am also the sanctioner of dharma as I teach it to the world. Do not be bewildered acknowledging it my son [when I set an example].'

(41) S'rî S'uka said: 'He [Nârada] thus saw [as no one else could see ***] Him present in one and the same form in all the palaces where He performed the spiritual principles of dharma that purify the householders. (42) After repeatedly having witnessed Krishna's unlimited prowess in the elaborate manifestation of His yogamâyâ, the seer filled with wonder stood amazed. (43) With [his witnessing of] the artha, kâma and dharma [civil duties of household life, see also 7.14], thus by Lord Krishna's faithful heart thoroughly honored, he satisfied went away with Him constantly in his mind. (44) Nârâyana who for the welfare of everyone had manifested His potencies my dear, thus following the path of human existence, enjoyed the shy affectionate glances and satisfied laughter of His sixteen thousand most excellent women. (45) Anyone oh dear King, who chants, listens or appreciates [to read about] the unequaled activities performed by the Lord in this world, by Him who is the cause of the generation, continuation and dissolution of the universe, will become devoted to the Supreme Lord who constitutes the path of liberation.'

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Third revised edition, loaded August 31, 2014.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1-6

S'rî S'uka said: 'Hearing that Lord Krishna had killed Naraka [see 10.59] and that He alone had married so many women, Nârada wanted to see that with his own eyes [and thought]: 'How wonderful it is that He with a single body is married to that many women, at the same time in sixteen thousand separate residences being alone with each of them.' Thus eager to take a look the sage of the gods came to Dvârakâ, the place so flowery with its parks and pleasure gardens resounding with the noise of flocks of birds and swarms of bees. Blooming blue lotuses [indîvaras], day-blooming ones [ambhojas], white esculent ones [kahlâras], moonlight-blooming lotuses [kumudas] and water lilies [utpalas] filled the lakes where the sounds were heard of swans and cranes. There were nine hundred thousand palatial mansions embellished with crystal glass, silver and great emeralds, that were splendidly furnished with gold and jewels. The city was systematically planned with many avenues, roads, intersections and squares, assembly houses and charming temples for the gods. Its paths and courtyards, shopping streets and patios were all sprinkled with water while the sun was warded off by banners that waved from the flagpoles.
S'rî S'uka said: 'Hearing that Lord Krishna had killed Naraka [see 10. 59] and that He singly had married with so many women wanted Nârada to see that [and thought:]: 'How wonderful this with a single body simultaneously being married, in sixteen thousand separate residences alone with the women.' Thus eager to take a look came the sage of the gods to Dvârakâ, flowery with its parks and pleasure gardens resounding with flocks of birds and swarms of bees. Blooming blue lotuses [indîvaras], day-blooming ones [ambhojas], white esculent ones [kahlâras], moonlight-blooming lotuses [kumudas] and water lilies [utpalas] filled the lakes noisy with the sounds of swans and cranes. There were, embellished with crystal glass, silver and great emeralds, nine hundred thousand palatial mansions splendorously furnished with gold and jewels. Systematically laid out with many avenues, roads, intersections and squares; with assembly houses and charming temples for the gods, were its paths and courtyards, shopping streets and patios, all sprinkled with water and was the sun warded off by banners waving from the flagpoles. (Vedabase)

   

Text 7-8

In the city there was an opulent quarter honored by all the local authorities. Tvashthâ [the architect Vis'vakarmâ], had there for the Lord [who resided there], in full exhibited his talents by making the sixteen thousand residences for S'auri's wives as beautiful as he could. Nârada entered one of the great palaces.

In the city there was an opulent quarter saluted by all the different authorities where Tvashtâ [the architect Vis'vakarmâ], for the Lord, in full had exhibited his expertise. There he entered one great palace of the sixteen thousand residences for S'auri's wives that beautified it. (Vedabase)

     

Text 9-12

The building was supported by coral pillars that were excellently decorated with vaidûrya ['cat-eye' gemstone]. The walls were covered with sapphires and the spotless floors shone everywhere. It was built with canopies that by Tvashthâ were constructed with hangings of pearls and had seats and beds made of ivory that were decorated with the finest jewels. There were well-dressed, adorned maidservants with lockets around their necks and finely clad men with turbans and armor, jewels and earrings. Many gem-studded lamps dispelled with their light the darkness and on the carved eaves my best, the peacocks danced, crying loudly taking the aguru smoke they saw curling upwards from the latticed windows for a cloud.

It was supported by coral pillars excellently covered by vaidûrya ['cat-eye' gemstone], had walls bedecked with sapphires and an ever shining floor, was built with canopies by Tvashtâ constructed with hangings of pearls and had seats and beds made of ivory decorated with the finest jewels. There were well-dressed, adorned maidservants with lockets around their necks and finely clad men with turbans and armor, jewels and earrings. Many gem-studded lamps dispelled with their light the darkness and on the carved eaves, my best, danced the peacocks crying loudly in taking the aguru-smoke curling through the latticed windows for clouds. (Vedabase)

   

Text 13

Inside, the man of learning saw the Lord of the Sâtvatas together with His wife who fanned Him with a yak-tail fan with a golden handle. She in her turn was every instant supported by a thousand maidservants equal to her in personal qualities, beauty, youth and fine dress.

Inside saw the man of learning the Lord of the Sâtvatas together with His wife fanning Him with a yak-tail fan with a golden handle, who at every moment was supported by a thousand maidservants equal to her in personal qualities, beauty, youth and fine dress. (Vedabase)

  

Text 14

The Supreme Lord, the best defender of all dharma, noticing him, immediately rose from S'rî's couch and offered him His own seat while bowing down with joined palms

The Supreme Lord, the Best of All Subservient to the Dharma, noticing him, immediately rose from S'rî her couch and bowing down with joined palms made him sit on His own seat. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Even though He was the Supreme Guru of the Living Being, He washed his feet and took that water on His head. He as the master of all saintly souls justly carries the transcendental name of 'the Well-wisher of the Brahmins' [Brâhmanya deva] because one by dint of the holy shrine of His feet finds full purification [see also the stories of the Ganges flowing from His feet. 5.17 & 9.9].

Even though being the Supreme Guru of the Living Being, washed He his feet and carried He that water on His head; [the water to which] He as the Master of the Saintly justly carries the name of 'the Lord for the Brahmins' [Brâhmanya deva] since it is from the holy shrine of His feet that the complete bathing is found [see also the stories of the Ganges 5.17 & 9.9]. (Vedabase)

    

Text 16

Having been of full worship for the devarishi as was prescribed by the scriptures, He, the Greatest Sage, the Original Nârâyana, the friend of Nara, conversed with him in weighed words that were as sweet as nectar and asked: 'Oh Master, oh Fortunate One, what may We do for you?'

As enjoined by the scriptures having been of full worship with the devarishi did the Greatest Sage, the Original Nârâyana, the friend of Nara, converse with him in measured words sweet as nectar and asked: 'O Master what may We do for the Fortunate One?'. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

S'rî Nârada said: 'It is not that surprising that You show friendship for all people, oh Almighty Ruler of All the Worlds who subdues the envious ones.  We very well know that You who are universally praised, out of Your own will have descended for the highest good of the continuation and the protection of the Living Being [*].

S'rî Nârada said: 'It raises no wonder at all for You, o Almighty Ruler of All the Worlds who subdues all the envious, [yet] to be of friendship with the people, for You, widely acclaimed, are well known out of Your own will to have descended for the highest good of the continuation and the protection of the Living Being [*]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Having seen Your two feet, that for Your devotees are the path of liberation upon which Lord Brahmâ and the other gods of unfathomable intelligence meditate in the heart and which for those, who are fallen in the well of a material existence, are the shelter for deliverance, I ask for Your blessing to remember You so that I during my travels may constantly think of You.'

Having seen Your pair of feet, that for Your devotees are the path of liberation upon which lord Brahmâ and the other gods with their unfathomable intelligence meditate in the heart and which for those who are fallen in the well of a material existence are the shelter for deliverance, I ask for Your blessing to remember You so that I in my travels can constantly think of You.' (Vedabase)

  

Text 19

Nârada my best, thereupon entered another residence of a wife of Krishna, with the wish to know the mystical power of illusion [yogamâyâ] of the Master of All Masters of Yoga.

Next entered Nârada, my dear, another residence of a wife of Krishna, with the desire to know the mystical power of illusion [yoga-mâyâ] of the Master of All Masters of Yoga. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20-22

And there he saw Him also. He was playing a game of dice with His beloved and Uddhava. He stood up for him, honored him with transcendental devotion and seated him etc., asking him - as if He did not know: 'When has your good self arrived? How can those [householders] who are not so fulfilled like Us, do what should be done for those [sannyâsîs] who are fully satisfied [within]? Anyway, please tell Us oh brahmin, how We can make a success of this birth.' But Nârada who was astonished, stood up, said nothing and went to another palace.

And there indeed he saw Him as well, with Uddhava playing a game of dice, being of worship with transcendental devotion and standing up in order to seat him and so on, asking him, as if He didn't know, 'When has your good self arrived? How can those [householders] who are not so complete, as We are, do what should be done for those [sannyâsîs] who are complete? Anyway, please tell Us, o brahmin, how to be a success in this birth', but Nârada, astonished, standing up went silently to another palace. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

And there he saw Govinda cuddling His small children. Next in another palace, he saw Him preparing for a bath.

And there he saw Govinda coddling His small children. Then, in another house, he saw Him preparing for a bath. (Vedabase)

  

 Text 24

In one place he saw Him offering oblations, elsewhere he saw Him worshiping the five sacrificial fires [see mahâ-yajñas] with the obligatory rituals, then again He was feeding brahmins and in yet another place He was eating the remnants [of sacrifices].

Here he saw Him offering oblations and there worshiping the five sacrificial fires [see mahâ-yajñas] with the obligatory rituals; then He fed the twice-born and somewhere else He ate the remnants. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 25

Somewhere He was of sunset-worship while controlling His speech with reciting the mantra [for it, see Gâyatrî and japa] and elsewhere He moved about with His sword and shield in areas of practice.

Somewhere of sunset-worship chanted He controlling His speech the mantra [see gayâtri and japa] and elsewhere moved He about with His sword and shield in the lanes of practice. (Vedabase)

   

Text 26

Here the Elder Brother of Gada rode horses, elephants and chariots and there He was lying on His sofa being praised by bards.

Here the Elder Brother of Gada, rode horses, elephants and chariots and there He was lying on His sofa by bards being praised. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 27

This place He was consulting with advisers, Uddhava and others and that place He was engaged sporting in the water surrounded by dancing girls and other women.

This place He was consulting with advisers, Uddhava and others and that place was He engaged sporting in the water surrounded by dancing girls and other women. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 28

Somewhere He donated excellent, well ornamented cows to  brahmins and elsewhere He listened to the auspicious classical stories [Purânas] and epic histories [Itihâsas].

Somewhere He gave excellent cows well ornamented to the twiceborn and elsewhere listened He to the auspicious classical stories [purânas] and epic histories [itihâsas]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 29

Laughing and joking with His beloved in this mansion, He elsewhere practiced the religion [dharma], the economy [artha] and the [regulation of] physical lusts [kâma, see also purushârthas].

Laughing and joking with His beloved in this mansion, practiced He elsewhere the religion [dharma], the economy [artha] and the [kâma] physical lusts [to be regulated, see also purushârthas]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 30

Sitting alone in one place to meditate on the Original Person Transcendental to Material Nature, He in another place rendered menial service to the elders, serving them attentively with things they liked.

Sitting alone in a place to meditate on the Original Person Transcendental to the Material Nature, rendered He in another place menial service to the elders being of worship with the things of desire. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 31

Planning for war with certain people here, and there again making peace, Kes'ava together with Balarâma elsewhere minded the welfare of the pious souls.

Planning for war with certain people here and elsewhere making peace, were Kes'ava together with Râma elsewhere heartening the welfare of the pious. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 32

[He saw Him] arranging opulent weddings for daughters and sons in accordance with the vidhi, at the right time, with wives and husbands compatible to them.

[He saw Him] arranging opulent weddings of daughters and sons at the right time according the vidhi with wives and husbands compatible to them. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

[He saw] the people astonished to witness the grand celebrations in which the Master of the Masters of Yoga sent away from home His children and welcomed in-laws in the family.

[He saw how] with the people in wonder with great celebrations the children of the Master of the Masters of Yoga were sent away from home and brought back. (Vedabase)

Text 34

With elaborate sacrifices in worship of all the gods being busy at one place, He was at another place of dharma in civil service arranging for wells, parks and monasteries and such.

With elaborate sacrifices in worship of all the gods being busy here was He there according the dharma in civil service arranging for wells, parks and monasteries and such. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

For a hunting expedition He somewhere was mounting a horse from Sindhî while He elsewhere, surrounded by the most valorous Yadus, was killing the animals to be offered in sacrifice [see **].

For a hunting expedition He this place mounted His horse from Sindhî while He that place, surrounded by the most valorous Yadus, killed the animals to be offered in sacrifice [see **]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

At another place the Yoga master was moving about in disguise in the city and in other homes, eager to find out what the mentalities of the different people were.

Some place moved the Yogamaster in the vicinity about in disguise in the homes of His ministers, eager to find out with each of them what their mentality was. (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

Nârada almost laughed about that what of His yogamâyâ, of assuming the human role, had unfolded before his eyes and said to Hrishîkes'a:

Thereupon said Nârada to Hrishîkes'a, constraining his laughter to what he had seen unfolding of His yogamâyâ of assuming the human role: (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

'From the service delivered at Your feet the knowledge could rise of Your mystical potencies, potencies that even for the great mystics are hard to envision oh Lord of Yoga, oh Supreme Soul.

'Perceived by the service to Your feet we [now] know of Your mystical potencies, that even for the great mystics are hard to envision, o Lord of Yoga, o Supreme Soul. (Vedabase)

 

Text 39

Permit me to follow You in humility oh Godhead, I will wander about the  [fourteen] worlds that are flooded with Your glory and loudly sing about Your pastimes that purify all the worlds.'

Permit me to follow in humility, o Godhead, I'll wander about Your places flooded with the fame, loudly singing Your pastimes that purify all the worlds.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 40

The Supreme Lord said: 'Oh brahmin, I am the spokesman of the dharma and its performer. I am also the sanctioner of dharma as I teach it to the world. Do not be bewildered acknowledging it my son [when I set an example].'

The Supreme Lord said: 'O brahmin, I am the speaker of it, the performer of it and the sanctioner teaching it to the world; situated in this, o son, do not be disturbed.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 41

S'rî S'uka said: 'He [Nârada] thus saw [as no one else could see ***] Him present in one and the same form in all the palaces where He performed the spiritual principles of dharma that purify the householders.

S'rî S'uka said: 'Thus he saw [as no one else could see ***] Him present in one form in all the mansions performing the purifying spiritual duties for householders. (Vedabase)

 

Text 42

After repeatedly having witnessed Krishna's unlimited prowess in the elaborate manifestation of His yogamâyâ, the seer filled with wonder stood amazed.

Having witnessed Krishna's unlimited prowess in the elaborate repeated manifestation of His yogamâyâ, fell the seer filled with wonder in amazement. (Vedabase)

 

Text 43

With [his witnessing of] the artha, kâma and dharma [civil duties of household life, see also 7.14], thus by Lord Krishna's faithful heart thoroughly honored, he satisfied went away with Him constantly in his mind.

With the artha, kâma and dharma [of household life, see also 7.14] thus by Lord Krishna's faithful heart thoroughly honored, went he pleased indeed away keeping Him in mind. (Vedabase)

 

Text 44

Nârâyana who for the welfare of everyone had manifested His potencies my dear, thus following the path of human existence, enjoyed the shy affectionate glances and satisfied laughter of His sixteen thousand most excellent women.

Thus following the path of human beings did Nârâyana, for the welfare of everyone having manifested His potencies, my dear, enjoy, being satisfied by the shy affectionate glances and laughter of sixteen thousand of the finest consorts. (Vedabase)

 

Text 45

Anyone oh dear King, who chants, listens or appreciates [to read about] the unequaled activities performed by the Lord in this world, by Him who is the cause of the generation, continuation and dissolution of the universe, will become devoted to the Supreme Lord who constitutes the path of liberation.'

Whoever, my dear, but chants, listens or appreciates [reads of] the sensual activities which, inimitable in this world, are performed by Him who is the cause of the dissolution, generation and ongoing business of the universe, will develop devotion for the Supreme Lord, the path to liberation indeed. (Vedabase)

 

*: The paramparâ adds here: 'As pointed out by S'rîla Vis'vanâtha Cakravartî, all living beings are in fact servants of the Lord. The âcârya quotes the following verse from the Padma Purâna to elucidate:

a-kârenocyate vishnuh
s'rîr u-kârena kathyate
ma-kâras tu tayor dâsah
pañca-vims'ah prakîrtitah

"[In the mantra AUM] the letter a signifies Lord Vishnu, the letter u signifies the goddess S'rî, and the letter m refers to their servant, who is the twenty-fifth element." The twenty-fifth element is the jîva, the living being. Every living being is a servant of the Lord, and the Lord is the true friend of every living being. Thus even when the Lord chastises envious persons like Jarâsandha, such punishment amounts to real friendship, since both the Lord's chastisement and His blessing are for the benefit of the living being.

**: Even though this activity for the common people and the brahmins is forbidden by the vidhi rule of dayâ for the sake of being compassionate with all living beings, it is in certain cases allowed to kill animals in Vedic society. S'rîla Prabhupâda comments: "According to Vedic regulations, the kshatriyas were allowed to kill prescribed animals on certain occasions, either to maintain peace in the forests or to offer the animals in the sacrificial fire. Kshatriyas are allowed to practice this killing art because they have to kill their enemies mercilessly to maintain peace in society." [see also e.g. 4: 26, 7.15, 10.1: 4, 10.56: 13 and 10.58: 13-16].

***: The paramparâ adds to this: 'As stated in text 2 of this chapter, all the Lord's activities in the many palaces were performed by the Lord's single spiritual form (ekena vapushâ), which manifested in many places at once. This vision was revealed to Nârada because of his desire to see it and the Lord's desire to show it to him. S'rîla Vis'vanâtha Cakravartî points out that the other residents of Dvârakâ could see Krishna only in the particular part of the city they themselves occupied, and not anywhere else, even if they would sometimes go to another precinct on some business. Thus the Lord gave a special view of His pastimes to His beloved devotee Nârada Muni.'

 

 

 

 

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The painting on this page 'Nârada worshiping Krishna" is made about 1750, see also 10.1.
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